Japanese vs. German knife

Japanese vs. German knife, which one is better?

A knife is an essential tool in our daily life. If we don’t have a knife in the kitchen is not a place to think. It’s a crucial tool for perfectly cooking food. If you are looking to purchase an excellent knife, various choices are available on the offline or online market. The most sought-after option is the Japanese knife or a German knife. There is always a debate between Japanese and German knives about which one is superior. 

Japanese vs. German knife
Japanese vs. German knife: file photo

Before we dive into the depths knife, we must be aware of the features of a knife needed. Like:

Blade angle between 10 and 20 degrees;

According to the Rockwell scale, the steel’s hardness is between 50 to 70.

The ergonomics must be appropriate, symmetrical, and easy to wear

It will function effectively and efficiently.

It will regain its sharpness over an extended period

Should be able to preserve the texture of the food.

The qualities that are present in both Japanese knives as well as Greman knives

Japanese Knives:

Japanese knives draw inspiration from the samurai swords cast for over 1,000 years. Culinary knives have been in use for more than 170 years. Lightness and sharpness are the primary characteristics. Traditional Japanese recipes, like sushi and sashimi, soups, and even vegetables, can be made with ease using a Japanese knife as they are specifically designed to slice and chop food ingredients with precision. Japanese Kitchen knives can be recommended to create exquisite slicing techniques and finer art.

The properties of a Japanese Knife:

Material for Hand and Blade:

According to the Rockwell scale, Blade Steel Japanese knives are made of more durable steel, scoring from 60 and 65. Certain Japanese knife makers employ the hard steel VG-MAX with 68 layers of Damascus stainless steel for cladding. Make sure you have a razor-sharp edge. This enhances longevity.

Material for Handle: Japanese blades have tapered edges inside the wood handle, which makes it lighter and front-weighted and allows for precise maneuvering. Pakkawood is water-proof and has anti-bacteriocidal applications for the handle.

Handle Design Handle Design Japanese knife’s handle has a hexagonal shape that makes moving easier with precision and provides greater control.

Blade Profile:

Tips of the Blade: Japanese knives feature sharp edges and a straight tip that aids in precise cutting, slicing, and chopping.

Blade Width Japanese blades are much thinner than German blades, and they are razor sharp.

The Blade’s Finish: Japanese knives have a distinctive texture that makes them more likely to use patterns, including hand-pounded Damascus finish or Hammered finish.

Blade Angle: This is the sharper the knife is when its blade angle is less. Japanese knives have sharper edges because the blade angles range between 10 and 15 degrees.

The knife’s weight: Japanese knives are lighter than German knives due to their thinner design. The weight of Japanese knives ranges between 1 ounce and 15 ounces.

Price: The cost for Japanese knives is more expensive than Greman knives due to their multi-layer steel forging process and exquisite quality.

Japanese brand of knives:

Takamura Knives.

Tsukiji Masamoto.


Haku Knives.


Yoshimi Kato.

Sakai Takayuki.

German Knives:

As with old-fashioned Japanese knifemaking, archeologists have discovered that for more than 2,000 years, German blacksmiths have been crafting knives. Germans are famous for their sturdy knives created in 1731 by Zwilling J.A. Henckels. The toughness, the greater strength, and softer steel construction are the most prominent characteristics of German knives because they prefer food like the density of meats and ingredients. It is mostly used for a large amount of work that butchers do, for example. It is for joints and bones.

The Properties of the German Knife:

The Blade Materials and the Handle Material:

Blade Steel Greman knife with soft steel on the Rockwell scale that scores between 50 and 60. German Blades have a softness because they have more chromium. This makes them less prone to chip or break. Soft steel is much easier to sharpen and resists corrosion. It develops a strong, fluid, and balanced sensation thanks to the distinctive composition of the high-carbon steel.

The materials used for the handle: German knives are full-tang construction, which is one piece of construction that extends from the tip of the blade until the butt. Therefore, the handle is synthetic materials, including black polypropylene and polyoxymethylene (POM), and tough plastic.

Handle Design The handle design that comes with the Greman knife’s handle design Greman knife features an ergonomic, symmetrical design for two-handed users. This Design is ideal for cutting meat and tough vegetables.

Blade profile:

The Tip of the Blade: German knives come with blunt and rounded tips, which aid in creating a rocking motion that makes food preparation easy.

Blade Width, The blades of German knives, tend to be larger, more robust, and have a broad bolster. Because of the blade’s thickness, it’s safer and more comfortable to use. The additional weight allows for the smooth transition between handle and blade.

The Blade’s Finish The final look applied to blades made of the german blade is smooth, plain, and shiny.

Blade Angle German knives have blade angles of 15 to 30 degrees. It’s better to cut through hard and heavy objects.

Weight: Because of the heavier handle, the more robust blade, and the full-tang Design, the weight is greater than that of a Japanese knife, which ranges from 5 to 35 ounces. The added weight makes it easier to cut through the toughest of materials.

Price: The cost of German knives is not much higher than Japanese knives.

German brands of knives:


Zwilling J.A. Henckels;




The Best German Knives:

Wusthof Classic 8 Inch Knife

Zwilling J.A. Henckels Professional S8 inches

Mercer Culinary Renaissance 8 Inch Chef Knife

Messermeister Meridian Elite 8 inch Knife

GUDE Alpha Series

Cangshan S1 Series (59694) German Steel Forged Chef Knife

Conclusion: Japanese and. German Knives, which one should you purchase?

In between Japanese and German knives, there are a few distinct differentiators. The best choice depends on your personal preferences for food and cooking. In contrast, Japanese or German knives are used for various functions. For instance, soft skin vegetables like tomatoes or slicing the sashimi is done with a Japanese knife for delicate tasks such as food decorations. Vegetables with hard skins are required for a German knife to cut large slices of meats, bones, and joints.

Make sure you know what knife you require and for what purpose, and get it as quickly as you can. Without a suitable knife, your food is not properly prepared.

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